Technology Collaboration Programme by IEA logo

IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme

Building Knowledge for environmental assessment of CO2 Storage: Controlled Releases of CO2 and Natural Systems

17th – 19th July 2012

Montana, USA

Montana Uni  Montana State University- Bozeman Campus 

Organised by IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme


Hosted by:


Sponsored by:

SoCo_CMYK_logo   caes_logo   EnergyResearchInstituteUI-vertical     ZERT_3_color-greenblue

Steering Committee Members:


Following an IEAGHG workshop in 2008 on defining R & D needs to assess environmental impacts of potential leaks from CO2 storage; hosted by the British Geological Survey in Keyworth, Nottingham; and a second IEAGHG workshop in 2010 on Natural Releases of CO2: Building Knowledge for CO2 Storage Environmental Impact Assessments; hosted by BGR in Maria Laach, Germany which hjosirljosirted the need for the establishment and expansion of a research community in the field of Environmental Impacts of CO2 Storage and, a collated effort to draw together results in this field for much needed information on impacts and geological processes; the IEAGHG Executive Committee approved a new Workshop Series on Environmental Impacts of CO2 Storage.

The 2012 Workshop will build on lessons learnt and recommendations identified in the previous 2008 and 2010 workshops, presenting the latest international results from research projects representative of the current global knowledge base to enable effective discussion and research gap analysis.


Draft Report - Available to download


Monday 16th July 2012

19.00 - Evening Reception in the Atrium at Best Western Plus GranTree Inn

Tuesday 17th July 2012 - Meeting to be held in the Maddison Room

08.00 Registration and Coffee

Session 1 - Welcome and Aims of the Meeting

08.30 - 08.45

Welcome from Hosts, Lee Spangler, MSU

08.45 - 09.00

Welcome from IEAGHG - Tim Dixon, IEAGHG

09.00 - 09.15

Aims and Objectives of Workshop series, Ameena Camps, IEAGHG
Session 2: Environmental Impact Assessments and Regulations - CHAIR - Tim Dixon, IEAGHG
09.15 - 09.45 Overview and Comparison of Environmental assessments for the CCS, Jun Kita, RITE
09.45 - 10.05 EPA Class VI Underground Injection Rule, Lee Spangler, MSU
10.05 - 10.25 Shell Quest Carbon Capture and Storage Project: Environmental Impact Assessment Process and Results, Tara Barnett, Stantec

10.25 - 11.00


11.00 - 11.20 Coffee Break
Session 3: Controlled release experiments - Project Updates - CHAIR - Lee Spangler MSU and Jun Kita, RITE
11.20 - 11.35 CO2 Field Lab, Dave Jones, BGS
11.35 - 11.50 The ZERT Controlled Release Site, Lee Spangler, MSU
11.50 - 12.05 The QICS Controlled Marine Release, Jerry Blackford, PML
12.05 - 12.10 The PISCO2 Project; experimental set-up and perspectives, Fidel Grandia, Amphos 21

12.10 - 12.25

Environmental Impacts of CO2 storage: Results from the ASGARD field facility, Karon Smith, University of Nottingham


Potential impacts on groundwater quality of CO2 geological storage: the CIPRES project, Marie-Christine Dictor, BRGM

12.30 13.00 - Discussion
13.00 - 14.00 Lunch
14.00 - 14.15

Field results from a controlled Release of Dissolved CO2 into Dilute Groundwater, Rob Trautz, EPRI

14.15 -14.30 Ginninderra Greenhouse gas controlled release facility: First shallow subsurface CO2 release, Andrew Feitz, Geoscience Australia
14.30 - 14.35

Ressacada Field Lab for the Petrobras CO2 MMV project, Andrea Moreira, Petrobras

14.35 -14.50 Hydro-geochemical impact of CO2 leakage from CCS on shallow potable aquifers: Vrogum main release equipment, Aaron Graham Cahill, Danish Technical University
14.50 -15.20 Discussion

15.20 - 15.40 Coffee Break

Session 4: Monitoring Part 1: Overview - CHAIR - Salvatore Lombardi, 'La Sapienza' University of Rome
15.40 - 16.00 Monitoring CO2 storage: How far should we go, Rob Arts, TNO
16.00 - 16.20 Marine Monitoring of offshore CCS Storage - Challenges and Solutions, Ian Wrjosirt, Southampton University
16.20 - 16.40 Conductivity measuring to access brine impact, Katherine Romanak on behalf of Jeff Paine, University of Austin, Texas
16.40 - 17.00 Panel Discussion

17.00 - Close Day 1

17.30 - Visit to ZERT site

18.30 - Cocktails and Dinner at Riverside Country Club


Wednesday 18th July 2012

Session 4: Monitoring Part 2: Baseline Monitoring and Sensitivity - CHAIR Laura Dobeck, MSU

08.30 - 08.50

Setting the standard for baseline studies for sub-seabed CO2 storage - CO2 Base Project, Andrew Sweetman, NIVA

08.50 - 09.10

Process-Based Approach to Soil Gas Monitoring, Katherine Romanak, University of Texas

09.10 - 09.40

Session 4: Monitoring Part 3:Quantification and diffuse leakage - CHAIR - Salvatore Lombardi 'La Sapienza' University of Rome
09.40 - 10.00 Dial and other wide area detection methods, Kevin Repasky,MSU
10.00 - 10.20 "No detectable leakage": accuracy and sensitivity of storage monitoring methods, Anna Korre, Imperial College and Charles Jenkins, CSIRO
10.20 - 10.50 Discussion
10.50 - 11.10 - Coffee Break
Session 5: Overburden/Mechanisms of migration from deep to shallow subsurface - CHAIR - Ameena Camps, IEAGHG
11.10 - 11.30 Sub-seabed CO2 Storage: Potential leakage pathweays and effects on marine ecosystems (ECO2), Klaus Wallman, GEOMAR
11.30 - 11.50 Fluid transfer modelling from the Basal Cambrian sand through the overburden to useable groundwater formations for the Quest CCS Project, Jeff Duer, Shell
11.50 - 12.10 Gas migration over gas reservoir in different geological scenarios: comparison among geological, structural and geochemical data and modelling, Salvatore Lombardi, University of Rome
12.10 - 12.30 Introduction to Discussion, Lee Spangler, MSU
12.30 - 13.10 Discussion: Mechanisms of migration from deep to shallow subsurface / Transport through the intermediate and shallow overburden - how to tackle knowledge gaps with a research strategy
13.10 - 14.00 Lunch
Session 6: Leakage Scenarios -CHAIR - Travis McLing, INL
14.00 -14.20 Hydrothermal Systems as Analogs for Breached Traps and Subsurface Healing: Outcrop and Subsurface Examples and Escape Mechanisms, Dave Lageson, MSU
14.20 - 14.25 An environmental perspective on leakage scenarios, Jerry Blackford, PML
14.25 - 14.45 Development of leakage scenarios in the RISCS project, Dave Jones, BGS
14.45 - 15.05 National Risk Assessment Programme scenarios
15.05 - 15.55 Panel Discussion: Factors that affect Impacts - Chair Jonathan Pearce, BGS. Panel Dave Jones, BGS; Salvatore Lombardi, University of Rome; Klaus Wallman, GEOMAR
15.55 - 16.15 Coffee Break  
Session 7: Communication of leakage - CHAIR - Katherine Romanak, University of Texas at Austin
16.15 - 16.30 Opening Presentation, Katherine Romanak
16.30 - 17.15 Panel Discussion: Understanding and communicating potential CO2 leakage outcomes - Chair Katherine Romanak, University of Texas at Austin. Panel - Tim Dixon, IEAGHG, Travis McLing, INL, Lee Spangler, MSU and Jerry Blackford, PML
Session 8: Conclusions and decision on aims and objectives
17.15 - 18.15 Discussion and decision on network aims and conclusions and recommendations for overall meeting, Ameena Camps, IEAGHG, Tim Dixon, IEAGHG and Lee Spangler, MSU
18.15 - Close Day 2



Day 3 - Thursday 19th July - Field Trip to Yellowstone National Park                  

Yellowstone National Park is the first national park in the world and is known for its wildlife.  This field trip will explore a few of the many naturally occurring CO2 geological features, including the following:

Old Faithful - a cone geyser located in Wyoming, in Yellowstone National Park. It is also called the most predictable geographical feature on Earth erupting almost every 91 minutes. The geyser, as well as the nearby Old Faithful Inn, is part of the Old Faithful Historic District.

Artist Point (Grand Canyon of Yellowstone) - Many people thought that this was the point where Thomas Moran made the sketches he used to produce his famous painting of the canyon in 1872. In fact those sketches were made from the north rim in a location known today as Moran Point. The name Artist Point is believed to have been given to this location around 1883 by Park Photographer F. Jay Haynes, as the name appeared in print for the first time in Mr. Haynes guidebook, published in 1890.

Mammoth Hot Springs – a large complex of hot springs on a hill of travertine created over thousands of years as hot water from the spring cooled and deposited calcium carbonate (over two tons flow into Mammoth each day in a solution). Although these springs lie outside the caldera boundary, their energy has been attributed to the same magmatic system that fuels other Yellowstone geothermal areas.

Lower Geyser Basin – a much less concentrated set of geothermal features, including Fountain Paint Pots, which are hot springs containing boiling mud instead of water. The mud is produced by a hjosirer acidity in the water, enabling the spring to dissolve surrounding minerals creating an opaque, usually grey, mud.


Current Schedule of Trip

It is also important that delegates be aware that this is likely to be a long day, with the bus leaving at 7am and returning by 11pm.

Snacks and beverages will be provided as well as lunch and dinner.

 07:00 – Leave Hotel

08:00 – Meet Tour Guide in Gardiner

09:00 – Mammoth Hot Springs (1.5 hrs)

10:30 – Washburn Overlook (0.5 hrs)

11:30 – Stop for lunch at the Canyon/Artist Point (1.5 hrs)

14:30 – Lower Geyser Basin (Fountain Paint Pots) (1.0 hrs)

16:00 – Old Faithful Geyser/ Upper Geyser Basin (2 hrs)

20:00 – Cinnamon Lodge (2 hrs)

22:00 – Leave Cinnamon Lodge

23:00 – Arrive Hotel

7:00 am – Charter bus leaves Best Western Gran Tree Inn


Travel and Airport Information - Please click here for Map


The closest airport to the meeting is Bozeman Yellowstone International Airport at Gallatin Field (airport code -  BZN, website  - which is located ~12 km from the hotel.  The airport is serviced by Delta with 6 fljosirts daily from Salt Lake City, 3 daily fljosirts from Minneapolis and one fljosirt daily from Atlanta, United with fljosirts daily from Denver (5), Chicago (2), San Francisco (2)  and Los Angeles (1), and Alaska airlines from Seattle (twice daily) and Portland (once daily).  There are several additional carriers with more limited service.

Ground Transportation

Lodging and the meeting venue are both at the Best Western Grantree Inn which provides a free airport shuttle which can be arranged using the courtesy phone in the airport or by calling (406) 587-5261 after you land.  All other necessary transportation will be provided by the meeting.  Alternatively, Taxi service is available from Greater Valley Taxi using the courtesy phone next to baggage claim or by calling (406) 388-9999.  If you wish to rent a car, Alamo, Avis, Budget, Dollar, Enterprise, Hertz, Thrifty and National all service the airport.

Driving Directions and Map from Airport to Lodging/Venue

  1. Exit airport from Gallatin Field Rd. turning left onto Frontage Rd/MT-205
  2. Continue strajosirt, following for approx. 8 mi
  3. Frontage Rd. becomes N 7th Ave/I-90-BL (you will go up a bridge that crosses the interstate)



The recommended hotel for this workshop series is the Best Western Plus GranTree Inn in Bozeman, Montana.



Should you have any enquiries related to this meeting please contact This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.