Technology Collaboration Programme by IEA logo

IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme

Jasmin cropBiomass use for energy production in processes such as combustion and gasification, and its use to produce biofuels such as bioethanol, results in CO2 emissions. If carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) is applied to these emissions, because the CO2 is recently taken-up by the biomass from the atmosphere, then actual CO2 removal from the atmosphere can take place. This is referred to as ‘negative emissions’. At present there is only one technology which may be able to be deployed at the required scale – biomass with CCS (bio-CCS or BECCS).

There is a need for analysis of the options for correctly accounting, reporting and rewarding all emissions relating to bio-CCS, and of ways of including it in emissions trading schemes (ETS) to appropriately recognise its greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction performance. IEAGHG commissioned this analysis to Carbon Counts Company (UK) Ltd.

Key messages from the report:

Carbon Counts Logo  IEAGHG Logo no strapline