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IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme

Jasmin cropCarbon capture and storage (CCS) has the potential to significantly contribute to greenhouse gas emissions reductions. In this regard, development of cluster structures offers the potential for cost reduction through sharing of infrastructure and organisational and regulatory efforts.

The main objectives of this study are to identify gaps, risks and challenges related to CCS clusters, to compare their business models and to reveal factors for successful development and suitable locations for future clusters.

The approach for this work consists of an extensive review of the literature on CCS clusters. The existing information was sufficient to review 12 clusters with different levels of maturity in detail and to discuss a number of others at a more general level.

Based on an analysis of gaps, risks and challenges of clusters (both technical and commercial), the study develops criteria for the selection of future cluster locations and recommendations for increasing the likelihood of successful cluster implementation.

Following are the key messages from the report:

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