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Technology Collaboration Programme by IEA

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Discover the latest advances carbon capture and storage research

Technical Report

Updating the IEA GHG Global CO2 Emissions Database: Developments since 2002

  • 1 February 2006
  • Industry Insights

IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme’s (IEA GHG) global CO2 emissions database was first published in July 2002 [1]. Consisting of some 14000 entries, the database was an attempt at producing a global snapshot of large stationary CO2 emissions sources, stating their location and the size of their emissions. The database was a first step, in a series of subsequent regionally focussed studies that would match these large stationary emission sources of CO2 with possible storage sites. Two regional studies have been completed by IEA GHG for Europe [2] and North America [3] and a third for the Indian subcontinent is now being planned.It was acknowledged during the compilation of the database that there could be some errors in the dataset brought in with the source material. So, alongside the regional studies, IEA GHG has, since 2002, had a parallel programme to progressively improve the emissions data by updating the information contained in the database and improving its accessibility to a wider audience. This paper identifies the problems with the original database, lists the steps undertaken and the reasons behind the improvements.

Technical Review

IPCC SRCCS Media Impact

  • 1 July 2006
  • Industry Insights
  • Public Perception

To undertake this review of media impact IEA GHG agreed contracts with two specialist organisations. The first of these studies was agreed with the Copernicus Institute, University of Utrecht, the Netherlands and the second with Tyndall Centre, University of Manchester, UK. Two contracts were agreed because of the different approaches used and the different geographical distribution of the media searches proposed. The Copernicus Institute proposed to use a web based search tool to review media articles in the European press, the countries covered included; UK , Netherlands, France, Spain , Italy and Germany. In contrast, the Tyndall Centre study involved a dedicated exercise where an individual would review news articles in the English speaking press alone. This review covered newspaper articles in: UK, USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. In each case, articles were scanned for three months before the release of the IPCC SRCCS (released week 39, 26th -30th September 2005) and for three months after. Overall, it was considered that the two studies gave a good global coverage of media response covering most regions of the world that were actively developing CCS projects with the noted exception of Japan.

Technical Review

SRCCS Gap analysis

  • 1 October 2006
  • Industry Insights

The IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme (IEA GHG) was actively involved in the development of the IPCC Special Report on Capture and Storage (SRCCS). Three of its then Programme team were directly involved in 5 out of the 9 chapters. The chapters concerned were: 1 (Introduction), 2 (Sources of CO2), 3 (Capture), 4 (Transport) and 5 (Geological Storage). In addition, IEA GHG’s technical study reports were drawn upon by many of the chapters as reference material for their chapters, as were the proceedings and peer reviewed journals from the GHGT conference series that IEA GHG organizes. Because of its active involvement in the construction of the report IEA GHG was considered to be well placed to comment on the findings of this report

Technical Review

ERM - Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage in the clean development mechanism

  • 1 April 2007
  • Industry Insights
  • Policy & Regulation

In September 2005 project design documents and methodologies for two carbon dioxide capture and storage projects under the Clean Development Mechanism were submitted for approval. The CDM Executive Board were unable to agree how CCS projects should be handled and sought advice from COP/MOP. This initiated a process of wider consultation. The IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme sounded out its members and interested organisations to determine the level of interest in developing CCS projects under the CDM and found it to be sufficient to warrant organizing a workshop. At this first workshop, held in London in April 2006, the main issues which needed to be addressed when formulating a methodology and preparing a Project Design Document for such projects were discussed in order to determine whether a common approach was possible. Several organizations indicated that they were contemplating the possibility of undertaking CCS projects and that in some cases these might be in countries eligible for hosting CDM projects. Furthermore there was a considerable degree of consensus on how the main issues surrounding monitoring and storage site integrity could be handled.

Technical Report

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage in the Clean Development Mechanism: Assessing market effects of inclusion

  • 1 November 2008
  • Industry Insights
  • Policy & Regulation

This report provides analysis on the potential impacts that inclusion of carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) as a clean development mechanism (CDM) project activity could have on the global carbon market. It has been undertaken in response to concerns raised about the possibility that CCS inclusion could result in the flooding of the carbon market with certified emission reduction (CERs) from CCS project activities, given the enormous scale of emission reductions potentially achievable.

Technical Review

What Have We Learned from IEAGHG Storage Activities

  • 1 February 2009
  • Industry Insights
  • Storage

This report summarises key learning points on CO2 geological storage from Operating Phase 5 of the IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme (IEA GHG), which commenced in 2005 and effectively coincided with the publication of the IPCC Special Report on Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (IPCC SRCCS). IEA GHG activities revolve mainly around contracted studies and organisation of the international research networks. IEA GHG studies are chosen by programme members and sponsors from a wide list of proposals, ensuring those selected are focussed on topical technical issues. Study reports issued from 2005 onwards have contributed significant knowledge to major storage topics, including: regional capacity estimation; economics; environmental impact and risk assessment; well integrity and remediation of seepage; and development issues for deep saline formations.

Technical Review

Otway Basin Pilot Project - Annual Expert Review of Monitoring and Verification Programme

  • 1 June 2009
  • Industry Insights
  • Storage

<p>IEA GHG has produced a revised set of criteria for assessment of plants, particularly power plants with CO2 capture, making use of information from EPRI and others. The revised criteria should be used by IEA GHG for its future studies. Other organisations are encouraged to use the criteria to provide consistency of results. Preliminary criteria have been specified for alternative locations and these should be finalised with local organisations at the time when IEA GHG undertakes its first study for each alternative location. Other alternative locations could be considered in future, at the request of IEA GHG&rsquo;s members. As a follow on to this report IEA GHG will assess the feasibility of providing standard assessment criteria for CO2 transport and storage and it will develop methodologies for comparing the relative merits of CCS and alternative low-CO2 technologies.</p>

Technical Review

The Landscape of Carbon Dioxide Capture, Storage and Management (CCSM) Education in the UK

  • 1 August 2009
  • Industry Insights
  • Public Perception

This report was commissioned by the IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme (IEA GHG) to assist the Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF) task force in the assessment of international graduate degrees at MSc and PhD level on Carbon Dioxide Capture, Storage, and Carbon Management (hereinafter CCSM) from universities. The scope of this report is to identify academic perspectives and programs in the areas of CCSM currently available in the United Kingdom (UK). The information assembled in this report was sought from the internet, email contacts and visiting key universities. This report addresses the major findings and discusses the current landscape of CCSM education in the UKThis report has concentrated on courses provided in the UK. In addition, mention should be made that from a base in the UK the IEA GHG organises an annual International CCS Summer School. This is hosted at different locations worldwide each time; Germany, Canada and Australia in the first three years. This course offers an intensive week in all aspects of CCS, from capture to storage, and non-technical topics such as economics, policy, regulation, safety and public communication.   

Technical Review

What Have We Learned from CCS Demonstrations

  • 1 November 2009
  • Industry Insights
  • Storage

The IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme (IEA GHG) has undertaken an assessment of the learning that is being provided by operational, large-scale, pilot, demonstration and commercial CCS projects around the world. This was undertaken by questionnaire and analysis of the responses. From the analysis of the responses, key themes, learning points and areas for beneficial collaboration are identified. The extent of coverage of projects is summarised in terms of geological properties and monitoring techniques. From this initial analysis, a number of key learning areas have been identified that also warrant further investigation.  These include: <!-- wp:acf/columns {"name":"acf/columns","data":{"padding_top":"1","_padding_top":"field_columns_fields_padding_top","padding_bottom":"1","_padding_bottom":"field_columns_fields_padding_bottom","margin_top":"0","_margin_top":"field_columns_fields_margin_top","margin_bottom":"0","_margin_bottom":"field_columns_fields_margin_bottom"},"mode":"preview"} --> <!-- wp:acf/column-content {"name":"acf/column-content","mode":"preview"} --> <!-- wp:list --><ul> <!-- wp:list-item --><!-- wp:list-item --><li>Effectiveness of various monitoring techniques</li><!-- /wp:list-item --><!-- /wp:list-item --> <!-- wp:list-item --><!-- wp:list-item --><li>Injectivity – prediction, restoration and enhancement</li><!-- /wp:list-item --><!-- /wp:list-item --> <!-- wp:list-item --><!-- wp:list-item --><li>Design to avoid hydrate formation</li><!-- /wp:list-item --><!-- /wp:list-item --> <!-- wp:list-item --><!-- wp:list-item --><li>Performance of materials in CO<sub>2</sub> environments</li><!-- /wp:list-item --><!-- /wp:list-item --> <!-- wp:list-item --><!-- wp:list-item --><li>Scaling up capture train size</li><!-- /wp:list-item --><!-- /wp:list-item --> <!-- wp:list-item --><!-- wp:list-item --><li>Wells – designing, placing, and monitoring cementation</li><!-- /wp:list-item --><!-- /wp:list-item --> </ul><!-- /wp:list --> <!-- /wp:acf/column-content --> <!-- /wp:acf/columns -->

Technical Report

OPEC-IEA GHG CCS workshop for scientists and professionals in OPEC Member Countries

  • 1 December 2009
  • Event Proceedings
  • Industry Insights

This workshop was proposed to the IEA GHG by OPEC, and the first plan was to hold the workshop in February 2009, in Algeria. Due to difficulties in preparing invitation letters and visas; the workshop was postponed to November 2009. The suggestion was that Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) was an important topic not being adequately dealt with by OPEC member countries. Therefore, this workshop was planned to introduce scientists and professionals from OPEC member countries with a general overview of the complete CCS chain. In addition, this workshop was considered as a good opportunity for IEA GHG to interact with professionals from these countries, who are involved mainly in the oil and gas sector.   The Ministry of Energy and Mines together with Sonatrach, agreed to host the workshop in Hassi Messaoud, Algeria. An organizing committee was established, with members form IEA GHG, OPEC, the Ministry of Energy and Mines and Sonatrach. The workshop was held from the 16th to 20th of November, 2009 and attracted over 25 delegates from 7 countries. 

Technical Review

What Have We Learnt from IEAGHG CO2 Capture and CCS Generic Tehcnical Studies

  • 1 August 2010
  • Capture
  • Industry Insights

This report is considered the 3<sup>rd</sup> in a series of reports summarizing the learning points from the different IEAGHG activities. This series of reports started by summarizing the learning points from the storage activities (report 2009/TR1, February 2009) and the CCS demonstration projects (report 2009/TR6, November 2009). This 3<sup>rd</sup> report summarises key learning points on CO<sub>2</sub> capture and generic CCS studies from Operating Phase 5 of the IEAGHG, which commenced in 2005 and effectively coincided with the publication of the IPCC Special Report on Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (IPCC SRCCS). IEAGHG activities revolve mainly around contracted studies and organisation of the international research networks.

Technical Report

WHWL from Operational CCS Demo’s, Phase 1B

  • 1 October 2011
  • Industry Insights

In 2009, the IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme (IEAGHG) carried out an assessment of learning that is being provided by operational, large-scale, pilot, demonstration and commercial CCS projects around the world. This was undertaken by questionnaires and analysis of the responses and a report was published, presenting the results. Phase 1b was intended to be an addendum to the original report, gaining further information from projects on more specific topics within the subjects of well injectivity, regulation and public communication. In Phase 1b, twelve projects responded out of the twenty nine that were contacted.  IEAGHG received 7 responses on well injectivity, 10 on regulation and 8 on public communication.

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